Although many people postpone their physician visits for anything not immediately unpleasant or noticeable, there is an increase in the chance of undetected disease.
South African health authorities advise women not to miss their routine checks in the context of the continuing epidemic.
While people postpone a visit to their health care provider for anything that is not immediately unpleasant or significant, there is an increase in the chance of undetected disease.
Dr Emmanuel Majachani, a gynecologist specializing in Netcare Sunninghill Hospital, points out that women’s health is endangered by regular selection, in particular in cases of prevalent and severe diseases such as cervical cancer.
“Cervical cancer is South African women’s second most frequent kind of cancer and the main cause of cancer-related mortality.”
However, this does not have to be a death penalty, since a simple Pap smear may be used to treat it effectively in its early phases. The absence of frequent screening has made this awful figure an evasive reality for too many females.” Moreover, cervical cancer can be predominantly avoided by the early use of human papillomavirus [HPV] vaccination.
“We are well-equipped not just to deal with but to prevent this dreadful disease but also to act proactively,” he said.
Majachani reminds out that, while it is unknown, the main cause is HPV when it comes to cervical cancer – the transition to the womb.
The Cancer Association of South Africa (Cansa) identifies high-risk strains of HPV as causing up to 70 percent of uterine cancer, whereas early identification and pre cancer therapy in high-profile nations with frequent cervical cancer check-ups prevent up to 80 percent of uterine malignancies.
“HPV is a fairly prevalent virus with which the majority of individuals get in touch during their life. Some HPV strains are sexually transmitted, some of which are more vulnerable to uterine cancer.
Types 16 and 18 are especially hazardous in South Africa.
“Unfortunately, women who have HPV and who don’t get a regular pap smear wouldn’t know if they had a secondary disease, like genital warts.”
These warts may develop outwardly, if you detect them, but they may also happen inside.”
Depending on the size of the warts, treatments may require surgery, but the topical creams or gels that include immune modulators will enable your immune system to combat the virus in that location. ‘
But maybe more significantly, it gets much simpler to handle the risk when you know you have HPV.”
Each year, women with high risk of HPV strain should be subjected to pap smear. Other women at the age of 18 should begin Pap smear and go every one to three years, depending on their health care practitioner’s advise.
“Pap smears entail obtaining a sample of cervical cells and are fast but some women may not be comfortable,” he said.
In order to offer substantial protection against HPV and therefore prevention against cervical cancer, Majachani says, following frequent check-up.
He believes the HPV vaccination may be delivered between the ages of 10 and 26, and particularly to young women who are not yet sexually active, because it is then the best.
“Young sexually active women, however, can receive the vaccination, and if pap smear findings reveal that a lady has abnormal cells within these age categories, we can remove them, and the vaccine is still in use at that moment. “
For women over 26 years old, the benefit is limited and hence the vaccination is not advised.
Other types of sexually transmitted HPV prevention include the use of a condom, as the virus is spread through genital contact,” he explains.
While talks concerning sexually transmitted diseases remain a difficult issue to many, young girls’ parents may rest confident that it is a very responsable decision to enable their daughters to obtain this possible life-saving vaccination at a younger age before they are sexually active.
The HPV vaccination may be given in a neighborhood drugstore simply.
“As a gynecologist and obstetrician, I know too well about the catastrophic repercussions of cervical cancer in the lives of women and how awful it’s when the common virus that is easy to guard against is responsible for it.
“This healthcare intervention is so essential that the Department of Health has developed a nationwide HPV vaccination campaign to assist young girls understand the advantages of the vaccine and promote the broad usage of it throughout our national communities,” he said.
“Early cervical cancer will show no signs,” Majachani explains.
“This is another reason for frequent Pap smear to make any cancer cells detectable early and treatment start.” ” “
Those in the latter stages of the disease may have aberrant bleeding from time to time or alterations such as longer or heavier periods, discomfort or bleeding during sexual intercourse, menopausal bleeding, atypical vaginal release and pelvic pain. However, as symptoms become visible, it becomes considerably more difficult to treat disease.” The options for treatment will depend on the stage of cancer, but all patients may anticipate a biopsy to undergo at least some type of surgery. A trachelectomy should be performed, which removes malignant tissue by amputating the colon. In cervical cancer patients, this surgery is usually performed to maintain fertility.
“A hysterectomy might also be carried out and the uterus will be totally removed. The additional modalities of treatment that may be included in later phases of the disease are chemotherapy and radiation.”
Majachani says that HIV positive can, apart from HPV, increase the risk of cervical cancer for women, which can cause bad lifestyle options such as obesity, physical inactivity and an excessive consumption of alcohol, as well as poor diets.
“To risk missing or avoiding HPV vaccines in earlier years is just not worth taking.
“As healthcare providers, we just want to see our patients take care of their health and put it at the forefront of avoidance of avoidable tragedy,” he said.